• सुखार्थी त्यजते विद्यं विध्यार्थी त्यजते सुखम्सु sखर्थीन: कुतॊ विद्या कुतॊ विध्यार्थीन: सुखम् ||
  • “Luxury people leave knowledge, but a student leaves Luxury No knowledge for one who seeks Luxury, No luxury for student”
  • न चोर हार्यं न च राज हार्यं न भात्रू भाज्यं न च भारकारि |व्ययं कृते वर्धत एव नित्यं विद्याधनं सर्वधनप्रधानम ||
  • Cannot be snatched away by thief, cannot be snatched away by king, Cannot be divided among brothers, Not heavy either If spent daily, it always keeps growing. The wealth of knowledge is the precious of wealth of all”

Network Computing Models

Network computing models

Centralized Computing or Client Server Model

In Centralized Computing model multiple computers are joined to one powerful mainframe computer called server.

The devices those are connected to server are called nodes or clients.

Server is a high end computer with huge storage and high processing capabilities.

A server host runs one or more server programs which share their resources with clients.

A client does not share any of its resources.

Clients initiate communication sessions with servers by sending a request.

Applications that use the client–server model are Email, network printing, and the World Wide Web.

Distributed Computing:

In distributed computing:

Every task needs to be split into pieces — the data and the corresponding tasks need to be distributed.

All the nodes are capable of processing on their own.

All the nodes are connected to each other.

Example of distributed computing

ü  WhatsApp: data needs to be sent to multiple mobile simultaneously and fast.


ü  Twitter can deliver tweets to my followers so fast.

 ü  Instagram can store so many images.

Hybrid Computing/ Collaborative Computing.

It is combination of centralized and distributed computing.

In hybrid computing the nodes are dependent on some other computers to serve specific request.

Related questions:

What are various network computing models? Explain with suitable example.  [10 marks]


Write a short note on Distributive computing model. [5 marks]


Write a short note on Centralized computing model. [5 marks]